UTIs occur when bacteria (usually from the gut) enters and infects the urinary tract. While bacteria can infect different parts of the urinary tract, the most common type of UTI is a bladder infection. Symptoms of a UTI often include pain or burning during urination, increased urinary urgency and frequency, blood in the urine, and lower abdominal pain.
If left untreated, UTIs can progress to kidney infections (doctors call this pyelonephritis). These are less common, but more serious. Symptoms of a kidney infection include fever, chills, extreme fatigue, and back or flank pain and/or tenderness. If you're experiencing any of these symptoms, please seek immediate medical attention.
Most UTIs are simple infections of the bladder and can be treated with a course of antibiotics. Because there are other conditions that present with symptoms similar to a UTI, we combine the results of a clinical-grade urine dipstick test with your symptoms and medical history to determine the appropriate diagnosis and treatment.